LARRY MOSQUEDA'S HOME PAGE

Underconstruction-Summer 2001
Practice pages

evergreen logo


Return to Evergreen Home Page
Return to Individuals' Home Page

mosqueda@evergreen.edu
lmosqueda@home.com
Last modified: 6/26/00
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
FALL-POLITICAL ECONOMY OF NOAM CHOMSKY
WINTER-POWER IN AMERICAN SOCIETY
SPRING-MAKING A DIFFERENCE:DOING SOCIAL CHANGE
 

Contact at email or at 360-867-6000
 

WORDS DO MAKE A DIFFERENCE!

In George Orwell’s book 1984, he wrote “Who controls the past controls the future, who controls the present controls the past”.  Orwell continued “And yet the past, though of its nature alterable, never had been altered.  Whatever was true now was true from everlasting to everlasting.  It was quite simple.  All that was needed was an unending series of victories over your own memory.”  I.E. “reality control” or in Newspeak “doublethink”..... “ Doublethink means the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one’s mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.”.....An important aspect of Doublethink is that in a successful manipulation of the mind the person is no longer saying the opposite of what he thinks, but he thinks the opposite of what is true.  For example, the slogans of the party in 1984:

    WAR IS PEACE
    IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH
    SLAVERY IS FREEDOM

Of course, we know that this is nonsense and could never happen here because this is, after all, the United States of America!

Doublespeak is the articulation of doublethink.

DOUBLESPEAK APPENDIX
(from Z Magazine, March 1991-A guide to the Gulf “War”)

ADVERSARY PRESS-One that fails to serve as a pure and unquestioning press agent and cheer leader for the government and corporate establishment.
ASSETS-Weaponry plus military personnel.
CENSORSHIP-Control over the flow of information by governments like Iraq which limit the free flow of information.  See REPORTING POOLS.
COLLATERAL DAMAGE-Civilian casualties and non-military-related property destruction from artillery, rockets and bombs that are alleged by military authorities to be unintended and regrettable, even if inevitable and large scale based on ordnance volume, accuracy levels, and statistical probabilities.
DESERT SHIELD- The label for the first phase of the U.S. attack on Iraq, designed to convey the false impression that the U.S. move of forces into the area was for defensive purposes only.
DESERT STORM-The label for the open war against Iraq, designed to suggest that impersonal forces rather than humans agencies were leveling that Third World country.
ORDNANCE-Bombs and other devices to destroy and kill.
PRESIDENTIAL WAR-One initiated by the chief executive at his sole discretion for any reason satisfactory to himself, including pique, proving non-wimpery, the desire to use up large and aging military inventories, domestic or power politics, etc.  Satisfactory nominal reasons are developed by trial and error and through the use of public opinion polls.
REPORTING POOLS-Groups of selected reporters privileged to receive information and disinformation deemed fit for public consumption by military public information officials.
SMART BOMBS-Bombs intelligent enough to fall only on military targets and to avoid civilians and civilian structures.
SORTIE-A bombing mission by an aircraft that carries numerous bombs which explode and dispense death-dealing metal fragments and materials that burn human flesh.
VISIT-Bombing raid
WAR-Peace or peace-keeping

A little quiz (answers below)
1.  What percentage of the “smart” bombs hit their intended target during the Gulf “war” in 1991?  a) 100% b) 80% c) 50% d)10%
2.  The highly touted “Patriot” missile was said (in April 1991) by the Pentagon and its maker, the Raytheon Corp. to be 96% effective against the dreaded “Scud” (actually named Al-Husayn) missile.  Later analysis by Israeli intelligence and U.S. security analysts indicated that the actual kill rate was:
a) 80-96%  b) 60-80% c) 25-50% d) 0-20%
3.  What is the qualitative and quantitative difference between a “terrorist” who bombs a building and an “officer and a gentleman” who bombs a building?
 
 
 

__________________________________________________________
Answers: 1) d   2) d  3) What is the difference?  You tell me.
Exercise- Discuss the questions, words, and find other examples.

LINKS
Noam

Globalization
RETURN TO THE TOP