Working from Community:
American Indian Art and Literature in a Historical and Cultural Context

National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute
June 23-August 1, 2003

The Evergreen State College

General Information
NEH Instructions
Application Cover Sheet
Contact Information

Each week during the six weeks of this Summer Institute, participants will focus on different issues that relate to the historical and political contextualization, interpretation and teaching of American Indian Art and Literature. We will begin each week by attending presentations by scholars, artists, or writers who will discuss strategies for primary research, issues of relevant research methodologies, and contexts that influence them and their own research and work in indigenous communities. Each week participants will have time for discussions with visiting scholars. During the first week we will take a three-day field trip to the Makah Nation in Neah Bay. We will take a half- day field trip to the Skokomish Reservation during week two, and a full-day field trip to Seattle week five. On Wednesday mornings of weeks two, three, four and six, we will have discussions among participants about the readings, presentations and issues we are covering. The director and faculty for the Institute will facilitate these discussions. On the two Wednesdays we meet off campus, there will be a facilitated discussion scheduled later in the week.  During our weeks on campus, participants can use Wednesday afternoon and Thursday mornings to meet in small groups to discuss ideas raised by visiting scholars, the director or faculty. They may also take this time to work as individuals or in small groups on a project of interpretation of a work of art or literature that interests them. Thursday afternoons, participants will have seminars on readings or artworks (all seen as texts) in which they present their analyses and interpretations of assigned works and discuss strategies for understanding those works in context. Each Friday during weeks three, four, and five, participants will give individual or group presentations during which they interpret works of American Indian art or literature they choose as a special topic to present to the group.  During Friday of week six, participants will have a summary discussion and talk about strategies for future individual and group work that is suggested by their work in this Institute. It is hoped that there will be interest in producing articles based on work studied at the Institute.  Each week, the Institute will meet Monday through Friday, with presentations on Monday and Tuesday, and facilitated discussions, seminars and participating scholar presentations later in the week.

Week One

Sunday, June 22nd           

7:00pm                         Reception for Participants and Families [CAB 110]

Monday, June 23rd

10:00-10:30am              Pick up stipend checks from cashier in first floor of library.

10:30am-12:00 noon      Orientation and Introductions [Library 2204]

Note: If you do not have a meal plan, please reserve box with Dee Van Brunt for tomorrow’s trip.

1:00pm -3:30pm            Viewing of Usual and Accustomed Places, a film by Sandra Johnson Osawa, followed by discussion. [Lib. 1308]

4:00pm                         Van trip to the bank and preparation for field trip.

Tuesday, June 24th

If you have a meal plan, there will be a box lunch ready for you. Remember to pick it up at Breakfast. If you don’t have a meal plan, you can pick up a box lunch if you have reserved one with Dee Van Brunt for $7.15 on Monday.

8:15am                         Vans will arrive at dorm loop to pick up participants and their luggage.

8:30am                         Vans will depart dorm loop for Library Loop to pick up off campus participants.

9:00am                         Vans Depart for the Makah Reservation at Neah Bay.

2:00pm                         Arrive at Neah Bay and check in, get settled. We are registered to stay at Bays Best near the Makah Nation Tribal Offices. Rates: $16.25 per person per night.

5:00pm                             Dinner with artists and writers from the community in the Community Hall. Cost: $22.50 per person.

Wednesday June 25th

10:00am - 4:30pm          Meet at Makah Museum.

1:30pm                             Lecture on the cultural significance and current issues surrounding Makah Whaling.

2:45pm                             Storytelling/The Makah Language Program.

5:00pm - 6:45pm            Dinner on your own.

7:00pm                             Hottowe Family Songs in the Community Hall.



Thursday, June 26th  


7:00-9:00am                    Breakfast, pack yourself a lunch and check out.


9:00am – 2:00pm           Tsooes Beach Walk


Meet with Greg Colfax and see his work in progress.


2:00pm                             Leave for Olympia. We can stop for dinner on the way back to campus as we won’t arrive in time for dinner.



Friday, June 27th           


10:00am12:00 noon    Facilitated Discussion with Gail Tremblay and Mario Caro on community research and experience in the Makah community. [Lib 2127]


1:00pm – 3:00pm           Seminar on readings. [Lib 2127]




Bowchop, Janine and Donne Wilkie. "The Makah: People of the Coastal Rainforest." Northwest Indian Magazine (Summer 2000)


Hobsbawm, Eric. The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Peterson, Melissa. "Whispers From the Past: Makah Artist Micah Vogel." Northwest Indian Magazine (Summer 2000)


Tremblay, Gail. "Cultural Survival and Innovation: Native American Aesthetics." In Diverse Works. Ed. Janet Kardon.


Wray, Jacilee (ed.). Native Peoples of the Olympic Peninsula: Who We Are. Norman:University of Oklahoma Press, 2002.


Participants will also examine works in progress by Makah artists.



Week Two



Monday, June 30th


10:00am - 2:00noon       Lecture and discussion with Angela Wilson.

[Cedar Room in the Longhouse]


1:00pm – 3:00pm           Lecture and discussion with Linda Hogan.

[Cedar Room in the Longhouse]


3:00-5:00pm                    Lecture and discussion with Jolene Rickard.

[Gallery 2 in library]



Tuesday, July 1st


10:00am-12:00 noon      Panel and discussion Angela Wilson, Linda Hogan, and Jolene Rickard.

[Cedar Room in the Longhouse]


1:30pm                             Travel to the Twana Smokehouse at the Skokomish Reservation and meet with Bruce Miller and local artists.

[Vans will depart from the Library Loop.]



Wednesday, July 2nd


10:00am – 12:00noon    Facilitated discussion .

[Cedar Room]


1:00pm – 4:00pm           Small group discussions and individual work .


Thursday, July 3rd


 10:00am – 12:00noon   Small group discussions.

[Cedar Room]


1:00pm – 4:00pm           Seminar on texts.

[Cedar Room]


Friday, July 4th                Holiday




Godi'Nigdoha': The Women's Mind. Exhibition catalogue. Brantford, Ontario: The Woodland Cultural Center, 1997.


Heard Museum. Watchful Eyes. Exhibition catalogue. Phoenix, AZ: The Heard Museum, 1993.


Hogan, Linda. Power: A Novel. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1999.


Rickard, Jolene. “The Occupation of Indigenous Space as ‘Photography.’” Native Nations: Journeys in American Photography. Ed. Jane Alison. London: Barbican Art Gallery, 1998.


          . “Sovereignty: A Line in the Sand.” Aperture (Summer 1995).


          . "Cew Ete Haw I Tih: The Bird that Carries Language Back to Another." In Partial Recall: Photographs of Native Americans. Ed. Lucy Lippard. New York, New Press, 1993.


Smith, Linda Tuhiwai. Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. London: Zed Books, 1999.


Wilson, Angela. “American Indian history or non-Indian perceptions of American Indian history?” and “Grandmother to Granddaughter: Generations of Oral History in a Dakota Family.” In Natives and Academics. Ed. Devon Mihesuah. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1998.

Young, Phil. For the Seventh Generation: Native American Artists Counter the Quincentenary, Columbus, NY. Exhibition catalogue. Columbus, New York: Chenango County Council of Arts, 1992.



Week Three


Monday, July 7th


10:00am – 12:00noon    Slide lecture, presentation, and discussion with Corwin Clairmont .

[Cedar Room]


1:00pm – 3:00pm           Slide lecture, presentation, and discussion with Frank LaPena.

                                          [Cedar Room]


3:15pm – 4:00pm           Informal discussion between visiting artists and participants.

[Cedar Room]


Tuesday, July 8th            


10:00am – 12:00noon    Discussion with artists.

[Gallery 2 in the Library]


1:00pm -3:30pm             View film documentation of James Luna’s performance piece, Creation and Destruction of a Reservation and discussion.

[Cedar Room]


3:30pm – 5:30pm           Meet with Thomas Adams from the NEH.



Wednesday, July 9th  


10:00am – 12:00noon    Facilitated discussion.

[Cedar Room]


1:00pm – 4:00pm           Small group or individual work.



Thursday, July 10th


10:00am – 12:00noon    Small group discussions.

[Cedar Room]


1:00pm – 4:00pm           Seminar on texts.

                                          [Cedar Room]


Friday, July 11th


10:00am – 12:00noon    Participant presentations and discussions.

[Cedar Room]


1:00pm – 4:00pm           Participant presentations and discussions.

[Cedar Room]




Archuleta, Margaret and Rennard Strickland, eds. Shared Visions: Native American Painters and Sculptors in the Twentieth Century. New York: The New Press, 1991.


Galeria Posada. James Luna: Sacred Colors. Sacramento, Exhibition catalogue. Galeria Posada, 1992.


Hill Richard, Sr. and Fred Nahwooksy, eds. Who Stole The Tee Pee. Exhibition catalogue. Phoenix: ATLATL, 2000.


Hill Rick. "The Rise of Neo-Native Expression." Our Land/Ourselves: American Indian Contempo­rary Artists. Exhibition catalogue. Ed. Deborah Ward. Exhibition catalogue. New York: University at Albany, State University of New York, 1990.


LaPena, Frank. “Interview.” In I Stand in the Center of the Good: Interviews with Contemporary Native American Artists. Ed. Lawrence Abbott. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.


Lippard, Lucy. Mixed Blessings: New Art in a Multicultural America. New York: Pantheon Books, 1990.


McMillan, Laura, ed. Half Way Between Here and There: The Art of Corwin Clairmont. Exhibition catalogue. Missoula, MT: Art Museum of Missoula.


McWillie, Judith. Two Worlds: James Luna. Exhibition catalogue. New York: INTAR Gallery, 1989.


Native American Fine Art Invitational. Exhibition catalogue. Phoenix, AZ : The Heard Museum, 1997.


Roberts, Carla, ed. The Submoluc Show / Columbus Wohs. Exhibition catalogue. Phoenix Arizona: ATLATL 1992.


Rushing, W. Jackson and Kay Walkingstick, eds. Art Journal (Fall 1992).


Ryan, Allan J. The Trickster Shift: Humour and Irony in Contemporary Native Art. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999.


Week Four


Monday, July 14th


10:00am – 12:00noon    Presentation by Ofelia Zepeda.

[Cedar Room]


1:00pm – 3:00pm           Presentation by Laura Tohe.

[Cedar Room]


3:15pm – 4:00 pm          Informal discussion with the writers.

[Cedar Room]


Tuesday, July 15th


10:00am – 12:00noon    Readings by and discussions with the authors.

[Cedar Room]       


1:00pm – 4:00pm           Lecture and discussion by Gail Tremblay.

[Cedar Room]       



Wednesday, July 16th


10:00am – 12:00noon    Facilitated discussion.

[Cedar Room]       


1:00pm – 4:00pm           Small group and individual work.



Thursday, July 17th   


10:00am – 12:00noon    Small group work.

[Cedar Room]       


1:00pm – 4:00pm           Seminar on texts.

[Cedar Room]       



Friday, July 18th


10:00am – 12:00noon    Participant presentations and discussion.

[Cedar Room]


1:00pm – 4:00pm           Participant presentations and discussion.

                                          [Cedar Room]       





For those interested in an extra weekend event:


7:00 PM Friday, July 18th-Sunday, July 20th: Pow Wow at Daybreak Star Indian Center in Seattle. Grand Entry will be at noon and 7:00pm each day and there will be local artists and craftspeople selling their work.





Allen, Paula Gunn. "The Sacred Hoop: A Contemporary Perspective." In Studies in American Indian Literature. Ed. Paula Gunn Allen.  New York: MLA, 1983.


Evers, Larry. "Cycles of Appreciation." In Studies in American Indian Literature, Ed. Paula Gunn Allen. New York: MLA 1983.)


Mohawk Coloring Book, The Native Women's Project & North American Indian Travelling College, 1985.


Ngugi Wa Thiong'o. Decolonising the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature. London: J. Currey ; Portsmouth, N.H. : Heinemann, 1986. (1-33,63-109.)


Tohe, Laura. No Parole Today. University of New Mexico Press, 1999.


Zepeda, Ofelia. Earth Movements/ Jewed I-Hol. Kore Press, 1999.


          . Ocean Power: Poems from the Desert. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1995.


Week 5



Monday, July 21st


10:00 – 11:00am            Slide lecture and presentation with Joane Cardinal Schubert.

[Lib 2205]


11:00am – 12:00noon    Slide lecture and presentation with C. Maxx Stevens.

[Lib 2205]


1:00pm – 2:00pm           Slide lecture and presentation with Hulleah Tsinhnahjinnie.

[Lib 2205]


2:30 – 4:00pm                 Informal discussion with the artists.

                                          [Lib 2205]


Tuesday, July 22nd


10:00am – 12:00noon    Panel and discussion with the artists.

[Gallery 2 in library]


1:00pm – 4:00pm           Films and slide lecture on the work of Jaune Quick-to-See Smith by Gail Tremblay

[Lib 1706]



Wednesday, July 23rd


8:30am                             Vans depart dorm loop for Library loop.


9:00am                             Vans depart for Seattle.


10:00am – 2:30pm         Field trip to visit public art by American Indians and the Northwest collection at the Seattle Art Museum.


2:30pm                             Visit exhibit at Daybreak Star Indian Cultural Center and Sacred Circles Gallery in Seattle. Panel discussion with: Merlee Markishtum, Makah Gallery Director; John Feodorov, Navajo painter, installation, and performance artist; Samuella Samaniengo, Tlingit/Haida photographer; Carolyn Orr, Coleville printmaker and glass artist.



Thursday, July 24th


10:00am – 12:00noon    Small group work.

[Lib. 2204]


1:00pm – 3:00pm           Seminar on texts

[Lib. 2204]


3:00pm4:00                 Facilitated discussion.

[Lib. 2204]



Friday, July 25th


10:00am – 12:00noon    Participant presentations and discussion.

[Lib 2204]


1:00pm – 4:00pm           Participant presentations and discussion.

[Lib 2204]





Sections of previously listed texts plus:


Anreus, Alejandro, ed. Subversions / Affirmations: Jaune Quick to See Smith, A Survey. Exhibition catalogue. Jersey City, NJ: Jersey City Museum, 1996.


Lovell, Charles, ed. Jaune Quick to See Smith: Modern Times. Las Cruces, NM: New Mexico State University, 1997.

Tremblay, Gail. "Indigenous Identities / Diverse Visions." In Women Artists of the American West. Ed. Susan Ressler. McFarland & Company, 2003.


          . "Constructing Images, Constructing Reality: American Indian Photography and Representation," Views (1993).


Tsinhnahjinnie, Hulleah. "When is a Photograph Worth a Thousands Words?" In Native Nations: Journeys in American Photography. Ed. Jane Alison. London: Barbican Art Gallery, 1998.


Sixth Week


Monday, July 28th          


10:00am – 12:00noon    Lecture and discussion with LeAnne Howe.

[Cedar Room]     


1:00pm – 3:00pm           Lecture and discussion with Leslie Marmon Silko

[Cedar Room]     


3:15pm – 4:00pm-4        Discussion with writers.

[Cedar Room]     



Tuesday, July 29th      


10:00am – 12:30pm       Readings and discussions with the authors.

[Cedar Room]


2:00pm – 4:00pm           Lecture and discussion Gail Tremblay.

[Cedar Room]     



Wednesday, July 30th


10:00am – 12:00noon    Facilitated discussion.

[Cedar Room]


1:00pm – 3:00pm           Small group work.

[Cedar Room]     



Thursday, July 31st


10:00am – 12:00noon    Small group.

[Cedar Room]     


1:00pm – 4:00pm           Seminar on texts

[Cedar Room]


7:00pm – 9:00pm           Social Time Together [Cedar Room]  



Friday, August 1st           


10:00am – 12:00noon    Final discussion. Future Strategies.

[Cedar Room]




Howe, LeAnne, Shell Shaker. San Francisco, CA: Aunt Lute Books, 2001.


Silko, Leslie Marmon. Garden in the Dunes: A Novel. New York: Scribner, 2000.

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