- UNLIKELY ALLIANCES:
- Native Nations and White Communities Join to Defend Rural Lands
(forthcoming from University of Washington Press Indigenous Confuences series, Spring 2017)
Foreword, by Winona LaDuke
Part I: Running Upstream
1. Fish Wars and Co-management (Western Washington)
2. Water Wars and Breaching Dams (Northwest Plateau)
Part II: Militarizing Lands and Skies
3. Military Projects and Environmental Racism (Nevada & Southern Wisconsin)
Part III: Keeping It in the Ground
4. Resource Wars and Sharing Sacred Lands (Montana & South Dakota)
5. Fossil Fuel Shipping and Blocking (Northern Plains & Pacific Northwest)
Part IV: Agreeing on the Water
6. Fishing and Exclusion (Northern Wisconsin)
7. Mining and Inclusion (Northern Wisconsin)
As Native nations have asserted their treaty rights and sovereignty, they have confronted a "white backlash" from their neighbors fearful of losing control over the land and natural resources. Farmers, ranchers, and fishers have at times been virtually at war with Native peoples over treaty resources such as fish and water. Yet faced with an outside threat to the common environment--such as a mine, dam, bombing range, coal train, or oil pipeline---some communities unexpectedly joined to protect the same resources. Strong rural alliances of Native peoples and their white neighbors, such as the Cowboy Indian Alliance, came together in areas of the U.S. where no one would have predicted or even imagined them. Some regions with the most intense and violent conflict were even transformed into the areas with the deepest cooperation to defend sacred lands and water.
Unlikely Alliances explores this evolution from conflict to cooperation through place-based case studies in Washington, Oregon, Nevada, Montana, South Dakota, and Wisconsin, from the 1970s to the 2010s. They suggest how a deep love of place can overcome the most bitter divides between Native and non-Native neighbors, but only through challenging white privilege and upholding tribal sovereignty. They offer lessons about the complex interplay of particularist differences and universalist similarities in building social movements across lines of racial and cultural identity. They also show how "outsiders" can be transformed into "insiders" by redefining a contested local place as common ground. In our times of polarized politics and globalized economies, many of these stories offer inspiration and hope.
Zoltán Grossman is professor of geography and Native studies at The Evergreen State College. He is a longtime community organizer and coeditor of Asserting Native Resilience: Pacific Rim Indigenous Nations Face the Climate Crisis.
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Unlikely Alliances: Treaty conflicts and environmental cooperation between Native American and rural White communities
Zoltan Charles Grossman, Ph.D. , University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2002 (Adviser: William Cronon) 529 pages; ISBN: 0-493-76089-X
Proquest Digital Dissertation http://wwwlib.umi.com/dissertations/fullcit/3060425
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SELECTED DISSERTATION-RELATED ARTICLES / PRESENTATIONS
- The Cowboy Indian Alliance Rises to Protect Our Common Land and Water,
- on Common Dreams, Indianz, Native News Today, Z, Counterpunch, Portside (2014)
- Unlikely Alliances: Idle No More and Building Bridges Through Native Sovereignty,
- on Z, Counterpunch, Unsettling America (2013)
Winona LaDuke interviews Zoltan Grossman on Unlikely Alliances, KKWE Niijii Radio, White Earth, MN (7/2/14).
- Where are the Cowboys in the Standing Rock standoff? Counterpunch, Z, Indianz.com (9/20/16)/
- "Unlikely Alliances: Treaty
Conflicts and Environmental Cooperation Between Native
American and Rural
- White Communities,"
Powerpoint lecture at
Association of American Geographers (AAG),
- Chicago 2006; U.W.-Stevens Point Earth Day 2005,
and talk at U.-W-Eau Claire Faculty Forum 2006.
- Article in American Indian
Culture and Research Journal
- (AICRJ), Vol. 29, No. 4 (2005).
a Common Home: Native/non-Native
Against Mining Companies in Wisconsin,"
- With Dr. Al Gedicks in In
the Way of Development: Indigenous Peoples,
Society, & the Environment. See map.
- (London: Zed Press, 2004).
mine victory won by a historic alliance,"
- with Debra McNutt in the Eau Claire Leader-Telegram (Nov. 2,
- and other websites and papers.
- "Cowboy and Indian Alliances in the
- Agricultural History (Spring 2003 , Vol. 77 no. 2).
- Effects of White Racial Advantages in Environmental Alliances
- on Wisconsin Ho-Chunk/farmer alliances against low-level jet flights,
- bombing range, and Perrier, at Association of American Geographers
- annual conference, Los Angeles, 2002.
- "Place membership" in
ethnic conflict management: the case of Native Americans
- and white ranchers/farmers,
on rural environmental alliances in Oregon, Montana,
- and South Dakota, at Association of American Geographers (AAG)
- annual conference, New York, 2001.
- Geographies of Inclusion: Interethnic
Alliances for Environmental
- Protection, on Wisconsin spearfishing
and mining disputes,
- at Association of American Geographers (AAG) annual conference,
- Pittsburgh, 2000. Winner of 2000 AAG American Indian Speciality Group
- student paper competition. Also at WestLakes AAG, (Northern Illinois
- University, DeKalb), and Midwest Sociological Society conference (Chicago).
- "Let's Not Create Evilness for This River: Interethnic Environmental
- Alliances of Native Americans and Rural Whites in Northern Wisconsin."
- In Forging
Radical Alliances Across Difference: Coalition Politics for the New
Jill M. Bystydzienski & Steven P. Schacht, eds. (Boulder:
- Rowman & Littlefield, 2001).
- Removal Reversed: Native/non-Native joint management
of reclaimed lands,
on Kickapoo Valley, Sauk Prairie, and Crandon mine sites
- in Wisconsin. PowerPoint at Association of American Geographers
- (AAG) annual conference, New Orleans, 2003.
- Native environmental
justice and the Crandon mine (PowerPoint).
- Lecture with Kenneth Fish (Menominee). Summer Institute on Environmental
- (U.W.-Madison) and Western Mining Activists Network conference (Albuquerque).
- Wisconsin's Native/non-Native
anti-mining alliance, with
- Dr. Al Gedicks in Cultural Survival Quarterly, 2001.
- "From Enemies to Allies:
Native Americans and Whites Join Forces
- in Wisconsin,"
with Debra McNutt, in ColorLines, 2001, and
- in Multiracial Formations: New Instruments
for Social Change.
- Native and Environmental
Movements," in Z magazine (Boston), 1995.
- Chippewa treaty rights issues,