Born: 13 October 1954; Bethesda, Maryland
Married: 1983, John T. Longino; Children: 1 son, born August, 1989; 1
daughter, September 1992
The Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington 98505; Phone: (360) 867-6621;
Fax: (360) 866-6794; email@example.com;
.pdf's of Nalini's reprints! Click here to view the list of publications.
B.S., Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, 1976 (with honors);
Junior Year Transfer to University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada,
Ph.D., University of Washington, Seattle, College of Forest Resources,
Fundamentals of Ecology Course, Organization of Tropical Studies, Costa
Rica, summer, 1979
Post-Doctoral Research Associate, Southwest Texas State University, San
Marcos, Texas, 1983-84
Community and ecosystem ecology of tropical and temperate forest canopies;
the effects of forest fragmentation on biodiversity and community function;
the development of database tools for canopy researchers; dissemination
of research results to non-scientific audiences; partnering of scientists
and artists to enhance conservation of forests.
1991 to present: Member of the Faculty, The Evergreen State College, Olympia,
1989-91: Director of Research, The Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota,
1984-89: Assistant Professor, University of California, Santa Barbara
1977-78: Research Assistant, Wau Ecology Institute, Papua New Guinea
1977: Instructor, Department of Biology, University of Technology of Papua
Associate Research Staff, The Marie Selby Botanical Gardens
Research Associate, Missouri Botanical Garden
Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of South Florida, Department of
Affiliate Associate Professor, University of Washington, College of Forest
Ecological Society of America
Association for Tropical Biology, President, 2002
International Canopy Network, Co-founder and President, 1994-present
HONORS AND AWARDS
Robert Hefner Endowed Lecture, Miami University , 2005
Pettigill Endowed Lectureship, University of Michigan , 2005
Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellow, 2004
Member, Committee for Public Understanding of Science and Understanding,
Distinguished Visiting Professor, University of Miami, 2003-2004
John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, 2001-02
Association for Tropical Biology, President, 2001-02
Board Member, The Nature Conservancy, 1998-2001
J. Stirling Morton Award, The National Arbor Day Foundation, 1997
Alice and Rolla Tryon Endowed Lecture in Tropical Botany, University of
South Florida, 1996
Council Member, Association for Tropical Biology, 1994-97
Jane and Whitney Harris Lectureship, International Center for Tropical
Ecology, University of Missouri, 1994
Morgan Endowed Lecture in Science, 1992
Jessie B. Cox Chair in Tropical Ecology, Selby Gardens, 1989-91
Margery Stoneman Douglas Endowed Lecture, 1989
University Fellowship, University of Washington, 1979-82
English-Speaking Union Travel Fellowship, 1982
Northwest Science Association Scholarship, 1981
2002-2003: National Science Foundation Informal Science Education Program:
The Research Ambassador Program: empowering scientists to communicate
research to public audiences ($74,955)
2002-2003: National Science Foundation Database Activities Program: Expanding
forest canopy databases and database tools - branching out to ecology
(167,784) (with J. Cushing)
2003-2004: National Science Foundation Ecosystem Program (with K. Bawa & W.J. Kress): Travel support for an international conference on tropical
2002-04: National Geographic Society Conservation Trust: Ambassadors for
conservation: enhancing scientific outreach to non-scientists. National
Geographic Society ($19,990).
2001-02: National Geographic Society Conservation Trust: An exploration
of new ways to understand and conserve forest canopy biota. National Geographic
2000-01: National Science Foundation Ecosystem Program (with K. Bawa & W.J. Kress): Travel support for an international conference on tropical
2001-02: National Science Foundation Ecosystem Program (with K. Bawa & W.J. Kress): Workshops to articulate and disseminate research priorities
in tropical biology ($24,090).
1999-2003: National Science Foundation Database Activities Program (with
J. Cushing): Databases and database tools for canopy science - what trees
can teach us about integratingdatabase use into the research process ($721,181).
1999-2003: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation (with J. J. Ewel). Temporal changes
in functiona differences among life forms and their consequences for ecosystem
processes in tropical forests. ($184,000).
1999-2003: National Science Foundation Ecology Program: Effects of disturbance
and global climate change on tropical cloud forest canopy communities:
an experimental approach ($370,117).
1999-2000: National Science Foundation International Program: The articulation
and dissemination of collaborative visions for forest canopy research:
an international workshop ($29,520).
1997: Murdock Charitable Trust Partners in Science Award: Participation
of a high school teacher in study of canopy moss biology in the Pacific
1996-98: National Science Foundation Database Activities Program (with
J. Cushing): Enhancing researcher and site productivity at shared research
facilities: database tools for analyzing forest canopy information ($180,000).
1996-98: National Science Foundation Long-Term Research in Environmental
Biology: Long-term studies of canopy communities in Monteverde, Costa
1996-97: National Science Foundation Database Activities Program (with
J. Cushing): Database
support for shared ecological research sites ($168,000).
1993-95: National Science Foundation Database Activities Program (with
G. Parker): The analysis of three-dimensional spatial information of tree
and forest canopy structure: a planning grant ($132,873).
1992-94: National Geographic Society Research Grant: Investigation of
the floristics and distribution of epiphytes in a neotropical cloud forest
1990-93: National Science Foundation Research Grant Ecosystems Program:
The role of epiphytes in cloud-forest nutrient cycles: models and mechanisms
1987-89: National Science Foundation Research Grant Ecology Program: The
role of canopy organic matter in cloud forest nutrient cycles ($199,200).
1988-89 and 1989-90: National Science Foundation Research Experience for
Undergraduates Grant Supplement: Ecological aspects of canopy organic
matter in a neotropical cloud forest ($8,000).
1989-90: Institute of Museum Services Conservation Project: Use of model
bar code labeling system for plant specimens at the Marie Selby Botanical
1989-90: California Space Institute (with J. Melack): Incorporation of
three-dimensional treemapping into forest radar models ($17,500).
1987-91: Whitehall Foundation: Use of computer graphics to portray three-dimensional
dynamic biological systems ($89,000).
1985, 1986, 1991: National Geographic Society Research Grant: The ecology
of epiphytes in cloud forest ecosystems ($35,400).
1983: Sigma Xi Grant-in-Aid: Uptake of nutrients by adventitious canopy
roots using radioisotopes ($200).
1981-83: Man and the Biosphere Research Grant (with C. Grier): The role
of epiphytes in temperate and tropical rainforest nutrient cycling ($50,000).
RESEARCH SUPPORT FROM THE EVERGREEN STATE COLLEGE
Evergreen Faculty Sponsored Research awards: 1996, 1998, 2001 ($3,000
Evergreen Foundation Fund for Innovation Awards: 1999, 2002 ($5,000 each).
Evergreen Provost Fund: Feasibility study for Forest Canopy Walkway Project
Science, Ecology, American Journal of Botany, Selbyana, Biotropica, Madroño,
Journal of Tropical Ecology, Oecologia, Plant and Soil, Pedobiologia,
National Geographic, Ecosystems, Lichenologist, Wadsworth Publishing Company,
Cambridge University Press, Oxford University Press.
National Science Foundation (Ecology and Ecosystems Programs, Biotic Surveys
and Inventories, Research Initiation at Minority Institutions Program,
U.S. Latin America Cooperative Science Program), Organization for Tropical
Studies, National Geographic Society Committee on Exploration and Research,
Florida State Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Washington State Biodiversity
National Science Foundation (Research Experience for Undergraduates Panel,
Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant Panel, Biological Facilities Program,
Committee of Visitors, Long-term Ecological Studies Programs); National
Research Council Committee on Biodiversity.
SEMINARS AND WORKSHOPS: (1996-present)
University of Minnesota, University of California (Riverside, Santa Cruz,
Davis), Wellesley College, California State College, Missouri Botanical
Gardens, California Academy of Sciences, University of Florida, Fairchild
Tropical Gardens, National Science Foundation Workshop on Tropical Soil
Organic Matter, University of Hawaii, University of Florida, University
of South Florida, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Miami Univ., University
of Washington, Appalachian State University, Museum of Science at Boston,
Oregon State University, Cary Arboretum Institute for Ecosystems Studies,
Brown University, Stanford University, University of Miami, University
of British Columbia, Pacific Lutheran University.
PUBLICATIONS AND CONTRIBUTIONS:
Gressitt, J. L. and N. M. Nadkarni. 1979. The ecology of Mt. Kaindi: Montane forest ecology of Papua New Guinea. Wau Ecology Handbook No. 5.
Bledsoe, C. S., N. M. Nadkarni, W. Littke, and R. Edmonds. 1981. Use of cellulose filters for infection of the mycorrhizal fungus Hebeloma crustuliniforme in Douglas-fir seedlings. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 112: 45-47.
Nadkarni, N. M.1981. Canopy roots: convergent evolution in rainforest nutrient cycles. Science 213: 1024-25 (with cover photograph).
Nadkarni, N. M. 1984. The biomass and nutrient capital of epiphytes in a neotropical cloud forest, Monteverde. Biotropica 15:1-9.
Nadkarni, N. M. 1985. Nutrient capital of canopy epiphytes in an Acer macrophyllum community, Olympic Peninsula, Washington State. Canadian Journal of Botany 77:136-42.
Nadkarni, N. M. 1985. Canopy plants of the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve (Spanish and English version). Tropical Science Center information pamphlet.
Nadkarni, N. M. 1986a. An ecological overview and checklist of epiphytes in the Monteverde Cloud Forest. Brenesia 24:55-62.
Nadkarni, N. M. 1986b. The effects of epiphytes on precipitation chemistry in a neotropical cloud forest. Selbyana 9:47-52.
Fonteyn, P., M. Stone, M. Yancy, J. Baccus, and N. M. Nadkarni. 1988. Determination of community structure by fire. In Edwards Plateau Vegetation: Plant ecological studies in central Texas, edited by B. Amos and F. Gehlbach. Baylor University Press.Nadkarni, N. M. 1988. Tropical ecology from a canopy perspective. Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences. 12:189-208.
Nadkarni, N. M. 1988. Use of a portable platform for observation of animal behavior in tropical tree canopies. Biotropica 20:350-51.
Grier, C., K. Lee, N. M. Nadkarni, G. Klock, and P. Edgerton. 1989. Productivity of forests of the United States and its relation to soil and site factors and management practices: a review. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-222, Pacific Northwest Research Station, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.Nadkarni, N. M., and R. Primack. 1989a. A comparison of mineral uptake by above- and below- ground roots of Salix syringiana using gamma spectrometry. Plant and Soil 113:39-45.
Nadkarni, N. M., and R. Primack. 1989. The use of gamma spectrometry to measure within- plant nutrient allocation of a tank bromeliad, Guzmania lingulata. Selbyana 11:22-25.
Nadkarni, N. M., and T. Matelson. 1989. Bird use of epiphyte resources in neotropical trees. The Condor 69:891-907.
Callaway, R., N. M. Nadkarni, and B. Mahall. 1990. Blue oaks and pasture productivity: is there a relationship? Fremontia 37: 42-43.
Longino, J., and N. M. Nadkarni. 1990. A comparison of ground and canopy leaf litter ants (Hymenoptera:Formicidae) in a neotropical montane forest. Psyche 97:81-94.
Nadkarni, N. M., and J. Longino. 1990.Macroinvertebrate communities in canopy and forest floor organic matter in a montane cloud forest, Costa Rica . Biotropica 22:286-89.
Nychka, D., and N. M. Nadkarni. 1990. Spatial analysis of points on tree structures: the distribution of epiphytes on tropical trees . Institute of Statistics Mimeograph Series No. 1971.
Vance, E., and N. M. Nadkarni. 1990. Microbial biomass and activity in canopy organic matter and the forest floor of a tropical cloud forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 22:677-84.
Callaway, R., and N. M. Nadkarni. 1991. Seasonal patterns of nutrient deposition in a Quercus douglasii woodland in central California. Plant and Soil 137:209-22.
Callaway, R., N. M. Nadkarni, and B. Mahall. 1991. Facilitation and interference of Quercus douglasii on understory production in central California. Ecology 72:1484-89.
Clark, K. C., and N. M. Nadkarni. 1991. A bar code plant inventory system. The Public Garden 6:32-34.Nadkarni, N. M. 1991. Review of Vascular Epiphytes, by D. Benzing. J. Bromeliad Society 41:263.
Nadkarni, N. M., and T. Matelson. 1991. Litter dynamics within the canopy of a neotropical cloud forest, Monteverde, Costa Rica. Ecology 72:2071-82.
Nadkarni, N. M. 1992. The conservation of epiphytes and their habitats: summary of a discussion at the international Symposium on The Biology and Conservation of Epiphytes. Selbyana 13:140-142.
Nadkarni, N. M., and K. Ferrell-Ingram. 1992. A bibliography of biological literature on epiphytes: an update. Selbyana 13:3-24.
Nadkarni, N. M., and T. Matelson. 1992a. Biomass and nutrient dynamics of epiphyte litterfall in a neotropical cloud forest, Costa Rica. Biotropica 24:24-30.
Nadkarni, N. M., and T. Matelson. 1992b. Biomass and nutrient dynamics of fine litter of terrestrially rooted material in a neotropical montane forest, Costa Rica. Biotropica 24:113-120.
Vance, E., and N. M. Nadkarni. 1992. Root biomass distribution in a moist tropical montane forest. Plant and Soil 142: 31-39.
Ingram, S., and N. M. Nadkarni. 1993. Composition and distribution of epiphytic organic matter in a neotropical cloud forest, Costa Rica. Biotropica 25:370-383.
Maffia, B., N. M. Nadkarni, and D. P. Janos. 1993. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae of epiphytic and terrestrial Piperaceae under field and greenhouse conditions. Mycorrhiza 4:5-11.
Matelson, T. J., N. M. Nadkarni, and J. T. Longino. 1993. Survivorship of fallen epiphytes in a neotropical cloud forest, Monteverde, Costa Rica. Ecology 74:265-269.
Nadkarni, N. M. 1994. Diversity of species and interactions in the upper tree canopy of forest ecosystems. American Zoologist 34:321-330.
Nadkarni, N. M. 1994. Factors affecting the initiation and elongation of above-ground adventitious roots in a tropical cloud forest tree: an experimental approach. Oecologia 100:94-97.
Nadkarni, N. M., and G. G. Parker. 1994. A profile of forest canopy science and scientists - whowe are, what we want to know, and obstacles we face: results of an international survey. Selbyana 15:38-50.
Bohlman, S. T. Matelson, and N. M. Nadkarni. 1995. Moisture and temperature patterns of canopy humus and forest floor soils of a montane cloud forest, Costa Rica. Biotropica 27:13-19.
Matelson, T. J., N. M. Nadkarni, and R. Solano. 1995. Tree damage and annual mortality in a montane forest in Monteverde, Costa Rica. Biotropica 27:441-47.
Nadkarni, N. M. 1995. Good-bye, Tarzan: the science of life in the treetops gets down to business. The Sciences 35:28-33.
Nadkarni, N. M., T. Matelson, and W. Haber. 1995. Structural characteristics and floristic composition of a neotropical cloud forest, Monteverde, Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Ecology 11:481-95.
Ingram, S. W., K. Ferrell-Ingram, and N. M. Nadkarni. 1996. Floristic composition of vascular epiphytes in a neotropical cloud forest, Monteverde, Costa Rica. Selbyana 17:88-103.
Nadkarni, N. M. 1996. Review of: Tropical Forests: Management and Ecology. In Forest Science, edited by A. Lugo and C. Lowe, 42:252-53.
Nadkarni, N. M., G. G. Parker, E. D. Ford, J. B. Cushing, and C. Stallman. 1996. The International Canopy Network: a pathway for interdisciplinary exchange of scientific information on forest canopies. Northwest Science: 70:104-08.
Clark, K. L., N. M. Nadkarni, and H. L. Gholz. 1998. Growth, net production, litter decomposition, and net nitrogen accumulation by epiphytic bryophytes in a tropical montane forest. Biotropica 30:12-23.
Clark, K. L., N. M. Nadkarni, D. Schaefer, and H. L. Gholz. 1998a. Cloud water and precipitation chemistry in a tropical montane forest, Monteverde, Costa Rica. Atmospheric Environment 32:1595-1603.
Clark, K. L., N. M. Nadkarni, D. Schaefer, and H. L. Gholz. 1998b. Atmospheric deposition and net retention of ions by the canopy in a tropical montane forest, Monteverde, Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Ecology 14:27-45.
Ghosal, S., A.V. Muruganandam, S. Chauhan, K. Kawanishi, K. Saiki, and N. M. Nadkarni. 1999. Crown humus: Part I - The chemistry of the canopy organic matter of rain forests in Costa Rica. Indian Journal of Chemistry. Section-B, Organic including Medicinal. 38: 67-75.
Nadkarni, N. M. 1999. Bridging gaps between science and society. Giant Screen Theater Association Conference. Proceedings of a Symposium in Giant Screen Films and Lifelong Learning, 28-32.
Lyons, B., N. M. Nadkarni, and M. P. North. 2000. Spatial distribution and succession of epiphytes on Tsuga heterophylla (western hemlock) in an old-growth Douglas-fir forest. Canadian Journal of Botany 78:957-68.
Nadkarni, N. M. 2000. Colonization of stripped branch surfaces by epiphytes in a lower montane cloud forest, Monteverde, Costa Rica. Biotropica 32:358-63.
Nadkarni, N. M., A. R. Cobb, and R. Solano. 2000. Interception and retention of macroscopic bryophyte fragments by branch substrates in a tropical cloud forest: an experimental and demographic approach. Oecologia 122:60-65.
Cobb, A. R., N. M. Nadkarni, G. A. Ramsey, and A. J. Svoboda. 2001. Recolonization of Bigleaf Maple branches by epiphytic bryophytes following experimental disturbance. Canadian Journal of Botany 79:1-8.
Gradstein, S. R., D. Griffin III, M. I. Morales, and N. M. Nadkarni. 2001. Diversity and habitat differentiation of mosses and liverworts in the cloud forest of Monteverde, Costa Rica. Caldasia 23:203-12.
Merwin, M. C. and N. M. Nadkarni. 2001. 100 years of tropical bryophyte and lichen ecology: a bibliographic guide to the literature from 1901-2000. Tropical Bryology 21:97-118.
Merwin, M., S. R. Gradstein, and N. M. Nadkarni. 2001. Epiphytic bryophytes of Monteverde, Costa Rica. Tropical Bryology 20:63-70.
Nadkarni, N. M. 2001. Enhancement of forest canopy research, education, and conservation in the new millennium. Plant Ecology 153:361-67.
Nadkarni, N. M., and J. B. Cushing. 2001. Lasers in the jungle: the canopy database project. Ecological Bulletin 82:200-01.
Nadkarni, N. M., M. C. Merwin, and J. Nieder. 2001. Forest canopies: plant diversity. In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, edited by S. Levin, 27-40. Academic Press, San Diego, California, U.S.A.
Chandra, A., and N. M. Nadkarni. 2002. Four realizations of forest canopy retranslocation data. Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Auditory Display, Kyoto, Japan, July 2-5, 2002.
Hietz, P., Wanek, W., Wania, R., and N. M. Nadkarni. 2002. 15N natural abundance in a montane cloud forest canopy as an indicator of nitrogen cycling and epiphyte nutrition. Oecologia 131(3):350 - 355.
Nadkarni, N. M. 2002. Trees and spirituality: an exploration. Northwest Dharma News 15:10-13.
Nadkarni, N. M. 2002. When preaching to the choir isn't preaching to the choir: churches, trees, and environmental perspectives. Environmental Practitioner 4:188-190.
Nadkarni, N. M. and R. Solano. 2002. Potential effects of climate change on canopy communities in a tropical cloud forest: an experimental approach. Oecologia 131:580-84.
Nadkarni, N. M., D. A. Schaefer, T. J. Matelson, and R. Solano. 2002. Comparison of arboreal and terrestrial soil characteristics in a lower montane forest, Monteverde, Costa Rica. Pedobiologia 46:24-33.
Cushing, J. B., B. Bond, R. Dial, and N. M. Nadkarni. 2003. How trees and forests inform biodiversity and ecosystem informatics. Computing in Science and Engineering 5:32-43.
Gradstein, S. R., N. M. Nadkarni, T. Kromer, I. Holz, & N. Norse. 2003. A protocol for rapid and representative sampling of vascular and non-vascular epiphyte diversity of tropical rain forests. Selbyana 24:105-111.
Merwin, M., S. Rentmeester, and N. M. Nadkarni. 2003. The influence of host tree species on the distribution of epiphytic bromeliads in experimental monospecific plantations, La Selva, Costa Rica. Biotropica 35:37-47.
Nadkarni, N. M. 2003. In the treetops: life in the rainforest canopy. World Book Science Year Book 2003:54-67.
Rains, K. C., N. M. Nadkarni, and C. S. Bledsoe. 2003. Epiphytic and terrestrial mycorrhizas in a neotropical cloud forest, Costa Rica. Mycorrhiza 13:257-264.
Reich, A., J. J. Ewel, N. M. Nadkarni, T. Dawson, and R. D. Evans. 2003. Nitrogen isotope ratios shift with plant size in tropical bromeliads. Oecologia 137:587-590.
Yanoviak, S. P., G. Kragh, and N. M. Nadkarni. 2003. Spider assemblages in Costa Rican cloud forests: effects of forest level and forest age. Studies on Neotropical Fanua and Environment 38:145-154.
Yanoviak, S. P., N. M. Nadkarni, and J. Gering. 2003. Arthropods in epiphytes: a diversity component not effectively sampled by canopy fogging. Biodiversity and Conservation 12:731-741.
Bawa, K.S., W. J. Kress, N. M. Nadkarni, and S. Lele. 2004. Beyond paradise—meeting the challenges in tropical biology in the 21st Century. Biotropica 36:437–446.
Bawa, K.S., W. J. Kress, N. M. Nadkarni, S. Lele, P. H. Raven, D. H. Janzen, A.E. Lugo, P.S. Ashton, & T.E. Lovejoy. 2004. Tropical ecosystems into the 21 st Century. Science 306:227-228.
Ishii, H. T., R. Van Pelt, G. G. Parker, and N. M. Nadkarni. 2004. Age-related development of canopy structure and its ecological functions. Pages 102-117 in M. D. Lowman and H. B. Rinker, editors. 2nd edition. Forest Canopies, Second Edition. Academic/Elsevier, San Diego.
Nadkarni, N. M. 2004. Not preaching to the choir: communicating the importance of forest conservation to non-traditional audiences. Conservation Biology 18:602-606.
Nadkarni, N. M. and M. Sumera. 2004. Old-growth forest canopy structure and its relationship to throughfall interception. Forest Science 50:290-298.
Nadkarni, N. M., D. A. Schaefer, T. J. Matelson, and R. Solano. 2004. Biomass and nutrient pools of canopy and terrestrial components in a primary and a secondary montane cloud forest, Costa Rica. Forest Ecology and Management 198:223-236.
Schonberg, L., J.T. Longino, N.M. Nadkarni, S.P. Yanoviak, and J. Gering. 2004. Arboreal ant species richness in primary, forest, secondary forest, and pasture habitats of a tropical montane landscape. Biotropica 36:402-409.
Van Pelt, R. and N. M. Nadkarni. 2004. Horizontal and vertical distribution of canopy structural elements of Pseudotsuga menziesii forests in the Pacific Northwest Forest Science 50:326-341.
Van Pelt, R. Sillett, S.C., and N. M. Nadkarni. 2004. Quantifying and visualizing canopy structure in tall forests: Methods and a case study. Pages 49-72 in M. D. Lowman and H. B. Rinker, editors. 2nd edition. Forest Canopies, Second Edition. Academic/Elsevier, San Diego.
Yanoviak, S. P., H. A. Walker, and N. M. Nadkarni. 2004. Arthropod assemblages in vegetative vs. humic portions of epiphyte mats in a neotropical cloud forest. Pedobiologia 48:51-58.
Fischer, A., and N. Nadkarni. 2005. Moss conservation behind bars: prison inmates help researchers cultivet threatened mosses. Conservation in Practice 6:35-36.
Clark, K.C., N. M. Nadkarni, and H. L. Gholz. 2005. Retention of inorganic nitrogen by epiphytic bryophytes in a tropical montane forest. Biotropica 37: 328-336.
Nadkarni, N.M. 2006. Portrait of the artist as a young sapling: trees as artists and mobile entities. The Science Creative Quarterly. Issue 2.
Nadkarni, N.M. 2006. The moss-in-prison project: disseminating science beyond academia. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 8(4): 442-443.
Yanoviak, S.P., N.M. Nadkarni, ,and R. Solano J., 2006. Arthropod assemblages in epiphyte mats of Costa Rican cloud forests. Biotropica 36(2): 202–210.
Cushing, J.B., N.M. Nadkarni, M. Finch, A.C.S. Fiala, E. Murphy-Hill, L. Delcambre, and D. Maier. 2007. Component-based end-user database design for ecologists. Journal of Intelligent Information Systems. 29(1): 7-24.
Nadkarni, N.M. 2007. Ecological outreach to faith-based communities. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 6(5): 332-333.
Arenofsky, J. 2007. High on Conservation. American Forests. Spring 2007: 47-48.
Nadkarni, N.M. 2007. Tree Climbing Scientist Makes Surprising Discovery. LiveScience.com
McIntosh, A.C.S., Cushing, J.B., Nadkarni, N.M., and Zeman, L.. 2007. Database design for ecologists: composing core entities with observations. Ecological Informatics. 2:224 – 236.
Nychka, D., and N. M. Nadkarni. Three-dimensional analysis of the distribution of epiphytes in tropical tree crowns. Biometrics. In press.
Lowman, M. L., and N. M. Nadkarni. 1995. Forest canopies. Academic Press,
San Diego, California, U.S.A.
Nadkarni, N. M., and N. T. Wheelwright. 2000. Monteverde: the ecology
and conservation of a tropical cloud forest. Oxford University Press,
New York, New York.
ARTICLES AND COMMUNICATIONS
concerning research in adult popular magazines:
Boston Globe (1987), National Geographic (December 1991 and January 1996);
Glamour (1990); Audubon (September 1998); Brown Alumni Monthly (July 1995),
New York Times (1992, 1994), The Evergreen Review (1996), Natural History
(February 1985), Pacific Magazine, The Seattle Times (October 1995, January,
2000), New York Times, International Herald Tribune (September 2003), Science Creative Quarterly (September 2007).
concerning research for children's magazines:
Highlights for Children (October 1992); Ranger Rick (December 1995); Boy's
Life (April 1998); Dragonfly (April 1996); Scholastic News for Kids (April
2002), Scholastic Scope for Teens (March 2002).
Earth and Sky Science Reports, Canadian Public Broadcasting (1998); KAOS
radio interview (2002).
Alice and Rolla Tryon Endowed Lecture in Tropical Botany, University of
South Florida, 1996.
Jane and Whitney Harris Lectureship, International Center for Tropical
Ecology, University of Missouri, 1994.
Morgan Endowed Lecture in Science, Appalachian State College, 1992.
Margery Stoneman Douglas Endowed Lecture, University of South Florida,
from National Geographic, Seattle Lecture Series 2000.
Online "live chat" on Scholastic Discovery Online (1997); Grist
online magazine journal (2001; http://www.grist.org/comments/dispatches/2002/04/29/nadkami-esc/index.html).
Online "live chat" on Arbor radio. December 14, 2006. http://www.worldtalkradio.com/archive.asp?aid=8602
The Infinite Voyage, WQED (1988); The Second Voyage of the Mimi, Bank
Street College of Education (1989); Good Morning, America (1992); Oregon
Coast Guide (1994); Bill Nye the Science Guy, PBS (1997); Living in Tall
Trees, TV Asahi (1997); Anyplace Wild, (1998); NBC Dateline (1999); National
Geographic Today (2003); Dragonfly TV for Kids (2003).
Tropical Rainforests - IMAX movie produced by the Minnesota Museum of
Science (1992); Heroes of the High Frontier (National Geographic Society
Television Special, 1999; Emmy Award for Best Documentary Film, 2000).
Developing the forest canopy researcher's workbench: computer tools for
the 21st Century. An NSF-sponsored workshop for computer scientists and
canopy researchers, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington,
March 15-18, 1995.
Eco-agro-urban visions: new structures integrating architecture and nature,
University of Hawaii and the International Canopy Network, Honolulu, Hawaii,
4-6 March, 1999.
Exploring connections between art and science to study natural history:
a symposium, International Canopy Network and Monteverde Studios, Monteverde,
Costa Rica, May 6-9, 2002.
Art-Science Chautauqua on trees and forests, The Evergreen State College,
Olympia, Washington, 8 April-3 May, 2003.
IN RESEARCH PLANNING AND COMMUNICATION
help meet the communications needs of the emerging field of forest canopy
studies, I co-founded the International Canopy Network (ICAN) with J.
Clement in 1994. We established a non-profit organization (501(c)3) the
objective of which is to enhance pathways of communication among researchers,
educators, and conservationists concerned with forest canopies and forest
ecosystems. ICAN is supported by memberships and donations, and has a
Memorandum of Agreement with The Evergreen State College. The eight-member
Board of Directors and the 27-member Scientific Advisory Committee provide
oversight. Activities are carried out by one part-time permanent staff
member, the volunteer Board, and work-study students from The Evergreen
State College. The ICAN provides a sustainable model of a small, scientific
grass-roots organization that functions effectively and efficiently to
coordinate communication activities of an emerging area of science.
core activities include:
· publishing a quarterly newsletter ("What's Up?"),distributed
to 750 members in 62 countries
· providing an electronic e-mail bulletin board (administered by
the Long-Term Ecological Research program of the National Science Foundation
· maintaining an active Web site (www.evergreen.edu/ican)
· organizing scientific symposia and meetings
· establishing a list and collection of "classic" canopy
· implementing an outreach project for children ("Ask Dr.
Canopy!"), in which children can write or e-mail questions about
canopies to the collective persona of Dr. Canopy, comprised of eight volunteer
· developing curricula on forest canopies for primary and secondary
· disseminating scientifically sound information to adults via
magazines and the Internet
· consulting to the media on articles and films that concern forest
Research Planning Activities:
have been the leader or co-leader in the following large-scale, long-term
Cloud Forest Reserve Long-term Planning Group, Monteverde, Costa Rica,
October 16-18, 1990. Support from the MacArthur Foundation
Forest Canopy Research Planning Workshop, Oxford, U.K., Nov. 20-24, 1999.
Support from National Science Foundation and European Science Foundation
Research Priorities in Tropical Biology, Association for Tropical Biology,
three-year sequence of workshops and retreats to articulate and disseminate
research priorities in tropical biology, Bangalore, India (2001); Panama
City, Panama (2002); Aberdeen, Scotland (2003). Support from the National
Science Foundation, International Program and Ecosystems Program
FOSTERING INTERDISCIPLINARY PARTNERSHIPS AND BRIDGE ACTIVITIES
recurring theme in my professional work and in my personal life has been
to juxtapose and integrate people from different disciplines in an atmosphere
of mutual respect to gain raise awareness, gain new perspectives, and
solve complex problems.
Database Activities: Three-day symposium (The Evergreen State College,
1995), co-organized with J. Cushing. Brought forest canopy researchers
and computer scientists
together as part of a long-term effort to create data management tools
for the emerging field
of forest canopy studies.
We invited 15 canopy researchers and 10 informatics experts to identify
potential analysis tools, create a draft information model, and identify
developmental tasks and research questions. This led to our current Canopy
Database project, which has received $1.1 million in research funding
from the National Science Foundation (1995-2003). We have since created
tools for canopy data acquisition, management, and visualization (www.evergreen.edu/bcd;
architecture: Three-day symposium (1999) in Honolulu, Hawaii, co-organized
with architects M. and P. Anderson in response to the growing distance
between humans in nature, especially in urban environments.
We assembled an interdisciplinary group (architects, designers, urban
planners, forest ecologists, agriculturists and horticulturists) to envision
and design practical physical structures that place humans in close contact
with nature. The 27 senior contributors and 15 students
participated in talks, discussions, and design charettes. Designs for
structures discussed at the conference have since been developed. (http://academic.evergreen.edu/n/nadkarnn/walkway/report.html).
Symposium in Monteverde: Three-day symposium (April 16-17, 2002) in Monteverde,
Costa Rica, co-organized with S. Gilmar and M. Lawton.
Ecologists and artists participated in bilingual lectures, discussions,
and field experiences to examine they could augment each other's awareness
and understanding of the tropical cloud forest. Significant partnerships
were forged, and resulted in collaborations that created ecologically
sound environmental education and conservation materials.
Forests, New Eyes: Invitation to the canopy (August 16-28, 2002) Washington
With the support of a grant from the National Geographic Society Conservation
Trust, I invited a group of 23 visual artists, musicians, forestry company
executives, field ecologists and taxonomists. We also included people
who had literally never seen the canopy - blind people and tundra-dwelling
Inuits - to get fresh perspectives. We climbed to canopy-level platforms
in an old-growth primary forest and adjacent secondary forest to observe,
interpret, and record our observations. The experience helped raise awareness
of the different values inherent in forest ecosystems. I am currently
developing a composite exhibit of the artistic and scientific results
of that experience (www.geocities.com/canopylab).
Aloft: Invitation to the canopy (September, 2003) Washington State.
Working with The Nature Conservancy's legislative liaisons, I invited
14 legislators and staff members from the Washington State to ascend platforms
to discuss relevant policy issues concerning biodiversity, forest management,
and global climate change. This developed active links between scientists
and state-level decision-makers that will enhance communication about
other environmental issues.
Art/Science Chautauqua: Three-week event (Spring, 2003), co-organizing
with five arts faculty, to provide a venue for the expression of human
connections to trees and forests through the medium of visual and performance
art and the sciences.
Supported by a Fund For Innovation grant from the Evergreen Foundation,
we will host and celebrate student, faculty, and outside community art,
theater, and dance performances, as well as presentations of science projects
and lectures to the College and the outside communities.
In 1999, I initiated a group to meet one evening a month to simply discuss
ideas. The participants represent a wide range of professions, academic
disciplines, and ages. Leadership and topics rotate each month. I am now
starting Thoughtcatchers chapters in other cities across the country as
a grass-roots effort to promote the practice of active, face-to-face,
and creative thinking about ideas on a regular basis and to help weave
such actions into our daily lives.
RESEARCH/CONSERVATION OUTREACH PROJECTS
2001, I received a Guggenheim Fellowship to explore the obstacles that
scientists face in disseminating their research to non-scientific audiences.
Most scientists present results and conservation messages to "environmentally
aware" non-scientists via the media. In contrast, I explored how
to raise awareness in non-traditional audiences (those who do not normally
gravitate to natural history media or informal science education institutions
such as science museums). My approach was to directly link my research
and conservation messages about forest canopies with activities and objects
valued by non-traditional audiences. I designed and am implementing projects
to raise awareness and inspire these audiences to learn and care more
about trees, and by extension, nature.
to the Choir: Trees and Spirituality in Places of Worship: I approached
churches, synagogues, and temples with the offer to provide a guest sermon
on the topic of trees and spirituality. I emphasized both the universal
spiritual symbolism of trees and the ways that trees and forests are portrayed
in the sacred writings of particular religions. I have given 11 talks
in places of worship of many faiths, and have been able to insert conservation
and ecological messages with the spiritual discourse. Contrary to my preconceptions,
I learned that audiences in places of worship are receptive to sustainable
stewardship of the environment. Using a spiritual perspective to gain
access to the many people who practice formal religion is a powerful tool
that could be used by the scientific and conservation communities.
Camouflage Clothing: Wearing clothing that depicts trees and canopy plants
in our professional and personal lives is a direct way to raise awareness
of their aesthetic beauty and to incite informal conversation about trees
on a daily basis. With a nature photographer, graphic artist, and fabric
designer, I have created prototype botanically correct "canopy camouflage"
clothing. I am working towards distributing these (via small clothing
companies) with accompanying informational cards that describe the biology
and importance of the organisms depicted and the Web site address to the
International Canopy Network. In this way, the wearer becomes a "walking
docent" about the nature images represented on her/his clothing.
baseball cards: Baseball fans recognize that bats in the American League
and the National League must be made out of wood. That provides the link
between trees and America's favorite sport. I have begun to engage major
league baseball players to endorse trees. We have made mockup baseball
cards, with images of Tony Gwinn and Mark Macguire accompanied by promotional
lines ("I bat for trees," "Trees: a big hit," "Without
trees, I'd be batting zero"). The reverse side of the card displays
facts about trees and the Web site address of the International Canopy
logo Skateboards: Urban youth value the sport of skateboarding. Skateboard
decks are made of wood, which provides a link to trees. With a student
graphic artist, I have developed a skateboard logo that depicts a tree
intertwined with the Web site of the International Canopy Network. My
students and I are marketing these at local skateboard parks and Web-based
rap and graffiti art: I taught young rap singers from inner city environments
to climb up to canopy platforms on the Evergreen State College campus.
They produced a remarkable set of rap songs that integrate elements of
the forest canopy environment and hip-hop culture. This in turn inspired
a group of urban graffiti artists to create a mural about forest canopies
that incorporates urban and wildland imagery.
Barbie: The Barbie doll has long been an icon of female appearance and
behavior for young girls. I contracted with a local tailor to make a set
of Barbie clothes that replicate the clothing that female canopy researchers
wear when we ascend to the canopy. This will provide an alternate role
model, one of action, strength, and academic interests. I am marketing
this doll to Mattel, Inc., and an alternative doll company, Get Real Girl
and Healing: Trees can be symbols for healing and sustaining life in the
face of adversity and disease. I have given four talks on "Trees
and healing: a forest scientist's perspective" to residency and training
programs in hospitals in Washington State and Virginia. I show images
of living trees that sustain tumors, loss of limbs, and heartwood disease
to suggest that doctors might use images and metaphors of trees as a symbolic
source of inspiration for their patients.
in Prisons: Numerous social programs demonstrate the rehabilitative properties
of working with plants by incarcerated persons, usually for growing food
or traditional horticulture. I have developed a program in which prisoners
grow canopy-dwelling mosses in sustainable ways. This will allow prisoners
to handle living plants during incarceration and provide them with a marketable
skill after release. Developing the protocols to "farm" mosses
will also help alleviate a growing ecological pressure on old-growth forests,
the unsustainable "mining" of mosses for the horticulture trade.
I work with male inmates at the Cedar Creek Correctional Institution.
the next decade, I plan to continue with my canopy ecological research
in Costa Rica and the Pacific Northwest in partnership with my post-docs,
graduate students, and undergraduates. I have current and pending grants
from the National Science Foundation to pursue basic research questions
in canopy ecology. I will also continue to develop canopy database tools.
also wish to pursue innovative ways to communicate my, and others', research
results to non-scientists. Experience from the outreach projects described
above, coupled with my science background and contacts, has led to a vision
of creating a "Research/Conservation Ambassador Program." I
wish to apply what I have learned to other scientists and other fields
of science so that they their research results can be disseminated to
non-traditional lay audiences.
dream is to establish a self-sustaining program that will promote communication
of research to non-scientists by researchers themselves. Support will
stem from grants I am currently seeking from research and conservation
agencies, and from revenue generated by sales of the products described
above (e.g., canopy camouflage clothing, baseball cards, skateboards,
Treetop Barbies). These resources will provide honoraria, letters of recognition
from high-ranking academics, training in the building of Web sites, obtaining
contacts of audiences for scientists, and developing new products that
embody the awareness of nature's importance to humans. This will facilitate
direct transfer of information about the multiple values of nature and
science to society in creative and innovative ways.