The Physical Environment of Monteverde
The continental divide of the Cordillera de Tilaran, taken from "La Ventana" at the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve, Costa Rica.  Photo by Stephen Ingram
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Bibliographic Citations on The Physical Environment of Monteverde

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Bibliographic Citations on The Physical Environment of Monteverde  (Go to Full Bibliographic Citation Listing)

  • Alvarado I., G. 1989. Los Volcanes de Costa Rica. Editorial Universidad Estatal a Distancia, San José, Costa Rica.
  • Bergoeing, J. P., and L. G. Brenes Q. 1977. Mapa Geomorfológico de Costa Rica. Instituto Geográfico Nacional, San José, Costa Rica.
  • Bohlman, S. A., T. J. Matelson, and N. M. Nadkarni. 1995. Moisture and temperature patterns of canopy humus and forest floor soil of a montane cloud forest, Costa Rica. Biotropica 27:13-19.
  • Borgia, A., C. Poore, M. J. Melson, and G. E. Alvarado. 1988. Structural, stratigraphic, and petrologic aspects of the Arenal-Chato volcanic system, Costa Rica: evolution of a young stratovolcanic complex. Bulletin of Volcanology 50:86-105.
  • Bruijnzeel, L. A. 1990. Hydrology of moist tropical forests and the effects of conversion: a state of knowledge review. Division of Water Sciences, UNESCO, Paris, France.
  • Bruijnzeel, L. A., and J. Proctor. 1993. Hydrology and biogeochemistry of tropical montane cloud forests: what do we really know? Pages 25-46 in L. S. Hamilton, J. O. Juvik, and F. N. Scatena, editors. Tropical montane cloud forests: proceedings of an international symposium. East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.
  • Burbach, G. V., C. Frohlich, W. D. Pennington, and T. Matumoto. 1984. Seismicity and tectonics of the subducted Cocos Plate. Journal of Geophysical Research 89(B9):7719-7735.
  • Burke, K. 1988. Tectonic evolution of the Caribbean. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science 16:201-230.
  • Carson, M. A., and M. J. Kirkby. 1972. Hillslope form and process. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Castillo-Muñoz, R. 1983. Geology. Pages 47-62 in D. H. Janzen, editor. Costa Rican natural history. University of Chicago Press, Chigago, Illinois, USA.
  • Chaves, R., and R. Saenz. 1974. Geología de la Cordillera de Tilarán (Proyecto Aguacate, segunda fase). Informas Tecnicas y Noticias Geológicas 12:1-49. Dirección Geología, Mineralógia, y Petrológia. San José, Costa Rica.
  • Clark, K. L. 1994. The role of epiphytic bryophytes in the net accumulation and cycling of nitrogen in a tropical montane cloud forest. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
  • Clark, K. L., N. M. Nadkarni, and H. L. Gholz. In press. Growth, net production, litter decomposition, and net nitrogen accumulation by epiphytic bryophytes in a tropical montane forest. Biotropica.
  • Coates, A. G., J. B. C. Jackson, L. S. Collins, T. M. Cronin, H. J. Dowsett, L. M. Bybell, P. Jung, and J. A. Obando. 1992. Closure of the Isthmus of Panama: the near-shore marine record of Costa Rica and western Panama. Geology Society of America Bulletin 104:814-828.
  • Coen, E.1983. Climate. Pages 35-46 in D. H. Janzen, editor. Costa Rican Natural History. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Crozier, M. 1986. Landslides: causes, consequences and environment. Croom Helm, London, UK.
  • Crump, M. L., F. R. Hensley, and K. L. Clark. 1992. Apparent decline of the golden toad: underground or extinct? Copeia 1992:413-420.
  • DeMets, C., R. G. Gordon, D. F. Argus, and S. Stein. 1990. Current plate motions. Geophysic Journal International 101:425-478.
  • Dengo, G. 1962. Estudio geológico de la region de Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Instituto Geográphico de Costa Rica. San José, Costa Rica.
  • _____. 1985. Mid America, tectonic setting for the Pacific margin from southern Mexico to northwestern Colombia. Pages 123-180 in A. E. M. Nain and F. G. Stehli, editors. The ocean basins and margins, Vol. 7, The Pacific. Plenum Publishing Company, New York, New York, USA.
  • Dietrich, W. E., C. Wilson, D. R. Montgomery, J. M. McKean, and R. Bauer. 1992. Erosion thresholds and land surface morphology. Journal of Geology 20:675-679.
  • Dingman, S. L. 1994. Physical hydrology. Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, New York, USA.
  • Dollard, G. J., M. H. Unsworth, and M. J. Harve. 1983. Pollutant transfer in upland regions by occult precipitation. Nature 302:241-243.
  • Douglas, I. 1977. Humid landforms. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
  • Dunne, T., and L. B. Leopold. 1978. Water in environmental planning. W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco, California, USA.
  • Escalante, G. 1990. The geology of southern Central America and western Colombia. Pages 201-230 in G. Dengo and J. E. Case, editors. The Caribbean region, the geology of North America, vol. H. Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
  • Gallagher, M. W., K. Beswick, T. W. Choularton, H. Coe, D. Fowler, and K. Hargreaves. 1992. Measurements and modelling of cloudwater deposition to moorland and forests. Environmental Pollution 75:97-107.
  • Gardner, T. W., D. Verdonck, N. M. Pinter, R. Slingerland, K. P. Furlong, T. F. Bullard, and S. G. Wells. 1992. Quaternary uplift astride the aseismic Cocos Ridge, Pacific coast, Costa Rica. Geological Society of America Bulletin 104:219-232.
  • Garwood, N. C., D. P. Janos, and N. Brokaw. 1979. Earthquake-caused landslides: a major disturbance to tropical forests. Science 205:997-999.
  • Gomez, L. D. 1986. Vegetación de Costa Rica. Editorial Universidad Estatal a Distancia. San José, Costa Rica.
  • Grieve, T. G. A., J. Proctor, and S. A. Cousins. 1990. Soil variation with altitude on Volcán Barva, Costa Rica. Catena 17:525-534.
  • Grubb, P. J. 1977. Control of forest growth and distribution on wet tropical mountains: with special reference to mineral nutrition. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 8:83-107.
  • Herrera, W. 1985. Clima de Costa Rica; Vegetación y clima de Costa Rica, Vol. 2. Editorial Universidad Estatal a Distancia, San José, Costa Rica.
  • Ingram, S. W., and N. M. Nadkarni. 1993. Composition and distribution of epiphytic organic matter in a neotropical cloud forest, Costa Rica. Biotropica 25:370-383.
  • Islebe, G. A., H. Hooghiemstra, and K. van der Borg. 1995. A cooling event during the Younger Dryas Chron in Costa Rica. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 117:73-80.
  • Jenny, H. 1980. The soil resource. Springer-Verlag, New York, New York, USA
  • Keller, E. A. 1996. Environmental geology (7th ed.). Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, New York, USA.
  • Laguna, J. E. 1985. Posición geotectonica y origen de los magmas productores de las vulcanitas del grupo Aguacate (Costa Rica) por utilización de elementos traza. Brenesia 24:19-29.
  • Lawton, R. O., and V. Dryer. 1980. The vegetation of the Monteverde Cloud Forest Preserve. Brenesia 18:101-116.
  • Lovett, G. M., and W. A. Reiners. 1986. Canopy structure and cloud water deposition in subalpine coniferous forests. Tellus 38B:319-327.
  • Lundberg, N. 1982. Evolution of the slope landward of the Middle American Trench, Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica. Pages 131-147 in J. K. Legget, editor. Trench-forearc geology. Geological Society of London Special Publication 10.
  • _____. 1991. Detrital record of the early Central American magmatic arc: petrography of intraoceanic forearc sandstones, Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica. Geological Society of America Bulletin 103:905-915.
  • Manning, J. C. 1992. Applied principles of hydrology (2nd ed.). Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, New York, USA.
  • Marshall, J. S., and R. S. Anderson. 1995. Quaternary uplift and seismic cycle deformation, Peninsula de Nicoya, Costa Rica. Geological Society of America Bulletin 107:463-473.
  • Marshall, L. G., S. D. Webb, J. J. Sepkoski, and D. M. Raup. 1982. Mammalian evolution and the great American interchange. Science 251:1351-1357.
  • Marrs, R. H., J. Proctor, A. Heaney, and M. D. Mountford. 1988. Changes in soil nitrogen-mineralization and nitrification along an altitudinal transect in tropical rain forest in Costa Rica. Journal of Ecology 76:466-482.
  • McIntosh, K., E. Silver, and T. Shipley. 1993. Evidence and mechanisms for forarc extension at the accretionary Costa Rica convergent margin. Tectonics 12:1380-1392.
  • Minster, J. B., and T. H. Jordan. 1978. Present day plate motions. Journal of Geophysical Research 81:5331-5354.
  • Monteith, J. L., and M. H. Unsworth. 1990. Principles of environmental physics. Arnold Press, London, UK.
  • Motavalli, P. P., C. A. Palm, W. J. Parton, E. T. Elliot, and S. D. Frey. 1994. Comparison of laboratory and modeling simulation methods for estimating soil carbon pools in tropical forest soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 26:935-944.
  • Motavalli, P. P., W. J. Parton, E. T. Elliot, S. D. Frey, and P. C. Smithson. 1995. Nitrogen mineralization in humid tropical forest soils: minerology, texture, and measured nitrogen fractions. Soil Science Society of America 59:1168-1175.
  • Nadkarni, N. M. 1984. Epiphytic biomass and nutrient capital of a neotropical elfin forest. Biotropica 16:249-256.
  • Nadkarni, N. M., and T. J. Matelson. 1991. Dynamics of fine litterfall within the canopy of a tropical cloud forest, Monteverde. Ecology 72:2071-2082.
  • Nadkarni, N. M., and T. J. Matelson. 1992. Biomass and nutrient dynamics of epiphytic litterfall in a neotropical cloud forest, Monteverde, Costa Rica. Biotropica 24:24-30.
  • Raup, H. M. 1957. Vegetational adjustment and the instability of the site. Pages 36-48 in Proceedings and papers of the technical meeting, International Union of the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • Riehl, H. 1979. Climate and weather in the tropics. Academic Press, New York, New York, USA.
  • Ritter, D. F., R. C. Kochel, and J. R. Miller. 1995. W. C. Brown Publishers, Dubuque, Iowa, USA.
  • Shuttleworth, W. J. 1989. Micrometeorology of temperate and tropical forest. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. B224:299-334.
  • Sigafoos, R. S. 1964. Botanical evidence of floods and flood plain deposition. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 485-A.
  • Soto, R. (coordinador). 1992. Evaluación Ecologico Rapido. Elaborado por Fundación Neotropica, Programa Boscosa, San José, Costa Rica.
  • Stadtmüller, T. 1987. Cloud forests in the humid tropics: a bibliographic review. Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigación y Ensenanza, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
  • Troeh, F. R., and L. M. Thompson. 1993. Soils and soil fertility, 5th ed. Oxford University Press, New York, New York, USA.
  • Vance, E. D., and N. M. Nadkarni. 1990. Microbial biomass and activity in canopy organic matter and the forest floor of a tropical cloud forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 22:677-684.
  • Vargas Ulate, G. 1994. El clima de Costa Rica: contraste de dos vertientes. Editorial Guayacan, S.A., San José, Costa Rica.
  • Veneklaas, E. J., R. J. Zagt, A. Van Leerdam, R. Van Ek, A. J. Broekhoven, and M. Van Genderen. 1990. Hydrological properties of the epiphyte mass of a montane tropical rain forest. Vegetatio 89:183-192.
  • Vitousek, P. M., and R. L. Sanford, Jr. 1986. Nutrient cycling in moist tropical forest. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 17:137-167.
  • Vong, R. J., and A. S. Kowalski. 1995. Eddy correlation measurements of size-dependent cloud droplet turbulent fluxes to complex terrain. Tellus 47B:331-352.
  • Wadge, G., and K. Burke. 1983. Neogene Caribbean plate rotation and associated Central American tectonic evolution. Tectonics 2:633-643.
  • Ward, R. C. 1984. On response to precipitation of headwater streams in humid areas. Journal of Hydrology 74:171-189.
  • Waring, R. A., and W. Schlesinger. 1985. Forest ecosystems: concepts and management. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.
  • Zadroga, F. 1981. The hydrological importance of a montane cloud forest area of Costa Rica. Pages 59-73 in R. Lal and E. W. Russell, editors. Tropical agricultural hydrology. John Wiley, New York, New York, USA.
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