Introduction to Fall Mushrooms
by Michael W. Beug Email: beugm@evergreen.edu
The Evergreen State College, Olympia WA
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Slide 17.
Lepiota rachodes, now recognized to belong to the genus Chlorophyllum is now correctly known as Chlorophyllum rachodes. It is a very distinctive large and choice edible mushroom that fruits during warm weather on rich ground. I have found it with caps exceeding the size of a dinner plate. The features that set Chlorophyllum rachodes apart from its poisonous look-alike is a consistently white spore print and rapid red-orange bruising reaction where the bruised area slowly turns brown. One similar edible species, Lepiota americana , bruises yellow. Both are prized edibles yet both give me gastric upset. It is wise to try only a small amount of any mushroom you have not eaten before so that you can gently discover any that do not agree with you. Food reactions are very individualistic and while most people have already discovered which fruits, vegetables and nuts they should avoid, the same is generally not yet true for mushrooms.
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