POISONOUS AND HALLUCINOGENIC MUSHROOMS
by Michael W. Beug Email: beugm@evergreen.edu
The Evergreen State College, Olympia WA
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Slide 37.
Muscarine toxicity is associated with PSL symptoms - perspiration, salivation and lacrymation. Inocybe pudica is a typical PSL mushroom. Victims experience profuse perspiration, salivation, profuse tears, slow pulse, blurred vision, constricted pupils, excessive urination, and vomiting along with crampy abdominal pain and watery stools followed by a bloated feeling, runny nose and wheezing. Recovery normally occurs within 6 to 12 hours and few deaths have been reported from mushrooms containing muscarine. The toxin affects the autonomous nervous system and prompt medical treatment is advised. Young children and individuals in poor health to start with are most at risk and may feel ill for days afterwards. I recommend not feeding any wild mushrooms to children under 5 since their defense mechanisms are not yet fully developed.
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